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Future Time Perspective (FTP) Scale

The Future Time Perspective (FTP) scale, developed by Laura Carstensen and Frieder Lang, can be administered on paper or online.

The FTP scale includes ten items answered by indicating agreement on a 7-point Likert-type scale (from 1= very untrue, to 7 = very true).  The last three items of the Future Time Perspective scale (#s 8-10) are reverse coded.  When scoring the measure, researchers calculate the participant’s mean scores.

There are no defined cutoffs for interpreting FTP scores. Prior research shows a linear relationship between chronological age and time horizons. The strength of the relationship varies as a function of the age range in the sample; nearly always, the relationship is positive high scores indicative of long time horizons. 

Download the FTP scale