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Raposo, S., Hogan, C. L., Barnes, J. T., Chemudupati, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2020). Leveraging goals to incentivize healthful behaviors across adulthood. Psychology and Aging. Advance online publication.

Sims, T., Raposo, S., Bailenson, J. N., Carstensen, L. L. (2020). The future is now: Age-progressed images motivate community college students to prepare for their financial futures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1037/xap0000275.


Carr, D. C., Willis, R. J., Kail, B. L., & Carstensen, L. L. (2019). Alternative retirement paths and cognitive performance: Exploring the roles of pre-retirement job complexityThe Gerontologist.

Giasson, H. L., Liao, H.-W., & Carstensen, L. L.  (2019).  Counting down while time flies: Implications of age-related time acceleration for goal pursuit across adulthoodCurrent Opinion in Psychology, 26, 85-89.  PMCID: PMC6436994

Liao, H.-W., Hommelhoff, S., & Carstensen, L.L. (in press). Time perception from seconds to lifetimes: How perceived time affects adult development.  In A. Gutchess & A. Thomas (Eds), Handbook of Cognitive Aging.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Liao, H.-W., Shavit, Y. Z., & Carstensen, L. L. (2019). Selective narrowing of peripheral social networks predicts poor long-term cognition in old ageInnovation in Aging,3, S174 - S175.

Tassone, D., Reed, A. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (in press). Time may heal wounds: Aging and life regrets. Psychology and Aging, 34(6), 862 - 866.

Rowe, J. W. and the Research Network on an Aging Society (LLC is a Network member). (2019). Challenges for middle-income elders in an aging society.  Health Affairs, 38(5), 1-5. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00095.

Carstensen, L. L.  (2019).  Integrating cognitive and emotion paradigms to address the paradox of agingCognition and Emotion, 33(1), 119-125. NIHMSID: 1023000

Carstensen, L. L. (2019, June).  The new age of much older age. Time Magazine, (volume/issue TBD),  4-7. (Reprinted from Time Magazine, 2015).

Shavit, Y. Z., & Carstensen, L. L. (2019). Age and occupational time perspective are associated with preference for helping others at workInnovation in Aging, 3(1), S127 - S128.


Liao, H.-W., & Carstensen, L. L.  (2018).  Future time perspective: Time horizons and beyond.  GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry, 31(3), 163-167.  doi: 10.1024/1662-9647/a000194  PCMCID: PMC6438163

Carstensen, L. L., & DeLiema, M.  (2018).  The positivity effect: a negativity bias in youth fades with age.  Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 19, 7-12.  doi: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2017.07.009  PMCID: PMC6186441

Hogan, C., Sims, T., & Carstensen, L.L. (2018). Goals change with age and benefit emotional experience.  In A. S. Fox, R. C. Lapate, A. J. Shackman, & R. J. Davidson (Eds.), The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions (2nd edition) (pp. 392-396). New York: Oxford University Press.

Kircanski, K., Notthoff, N., DeLiema, M., Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Shadel, D., Mottola, G., Carstensen, L.L., &  Gotlib, I. H. (2018). Emotional arousal may increase susceptibility to fraud in older and younger adults. Psychology and Aging, 33 (2), 325-337.  PMCID: PMC6005691

Chen, C., Goldman, D.P., Zissimopoulos, J., Rowe, J.W. and the Research Network on an Aging Society (LLC a Network member). (2018). Multi-dimensional comparison of countries’ adaptation to societal aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(37), 9169-9174.  doi: 10.1073/pnas.1806260115

Goldman, D. P., Chen, C., Zissimopoulos, J., Rowe, J. W. and the Research Network on an Aging Society (LLC is a Network member). (2018). Measuring how countries adapt to societal aging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(3), 435-437.  doi: 10.1073/pnas.1720899115


Beals, M. E., Carr, D. C., Mottola, G. R., Deevy, M. J., & Carstensen, L. L. (2017). How does survey context impact self-reported fraud victimization? The Gerontologist, 57(2), 329-340. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnv082

English, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2017).  Socioemotional selectivity theory.  In N. A. Pachana (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Geropsychology (p.p. 1-6).  Singapore: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_110-1

Notthoff, N., & Carstensen, L. L. (2017). Promoting walking in older adults: Perceived neighborhood walkability influences the effectivness of motivational messages.  Journal of Health Psychology 22(7), 834-843. doi: 10.1177/1359105315616470  PMCID: PMC4879110


Carstensen, L. L., & Yotopoulos, A. (2016).  Keeping our eyes on the ball: The Sightlines Project.  In P. Irving (Ed.), The Future of Aging (p.p. 8-9). Los Angeles, CA: Milken Institute.

Carstensen, L. L. (2016, June).  What millennials already know about growing old.  Time Magazine, 187 (24), 26.

Carstensen, L. L. (2016, May).  Baby Boomers are isolating themselves as they age.  Time Magazine, 187 (23), 24.

Carstensen, L. L. (2016, February). The new age of aging. Time Magazine, 187(6-7), 60-62.

Carstensen, L. L., & Irving, P. (2016). The power of an older workforce. The Power of Ideas: A collection of insights to transform the future. Los Angeles, CA: Milken Institute.

Turan, B., Sims, T., Best, S. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2016). Older age may offset genetic influence on affect: The COMT polymorphism and affective well-being across the life span. Psychology & Aging, 31(3), 287-294. doi: 10.1037/pag0000085 PMCID: PMC4850911 [Supplemental materials]

Carstensen, L. L. (2016).  Troubling signsThe Power of Purposeful Aging: Culture Change and the New Demography. Los Angeles, CA: Milken Institute.

Carstensen, L. L., & Irving, P. (2016). The power of an older workforce. The Power of Ideas: A Collection of Insights to Transform the Future. Los Angeles, CA: Milken Institute.

Rosenberger, M. E., Buman, M. P., Haskell, W. L., McConnell, M. V., & Carstensen, L. L. (2016). 24 Hours of Sleep, Sedentary Behavior, and Physical Activity with Nine Wearable Devices. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 48(3), 457-465. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000778  PMCID: PMC4760880


Carstensen, L. L. (2015, February). The new age of much older age. Time Magazine, 185(6), 68-70.

Carstensen, L. L., Beals, M. E., & Deevy, M. (2015). Optimizing older workforces. In L. M. Finkelstein, D. M. Truxillo, F. Fraccaroli, & R. Kanfer (Eds.), Facing the Challenges of a Multi-Age Workforce: A Use-Inspired Approach (pp. 330-336). New York, NY: Routledge.

Carstensen, L. L., Rosenberger, M. E., Smith, K., & Modrek, S. (2015). Optimizing health in aging societiesPublic Policy & Aging Report, 25,38-42.  doi: 10.1093/ppar/prv004

Carstensen, L. L., Smith, K., & Jaworski, D. (2015). The future of ageingThe Future Agenda. Retrieved from

English, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2015). Does positivity operate when the stakes are high? Health status and decision making among older adultsPsychology and Aging, 30(2), 348-355. doi: 10.1037/a0039121 PMCID: PMC4451383

English, T., & Carstensen, L. L.  (2015).  Emotions and aging.  In J. D. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (2nd edition) (pp. 490-495).  Oxford: Elsevier.  doi: 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.25056-3

Raposo, S., & Carstensen, L. L. (2015). Developing a research agenda to combat ageismGenerations, 39(3), 79-85. 

Reed, A. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2015). Age-related positivity effect and its implications for social and health gerontology. In N. A. Pachana (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Geropsychology (pp. 1-9). Singapore: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_50-1

Sims, T., Hogan, C., & Carstensen, L. L. (2015). Selectivity as an emotion regulation strategy: Lessons from older adults. Current Opinion in Psychology, 3, 80-84. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.02.012 PMCID: PMC4405796

Antonucci, T. C., Berkman, L., Börsch-Supan, A., Carstensen, L. L., Fried, L. P., Furstenberg, F. F., ... Zissimopoulos, J. (2015). Society and the individual at the dawn of the twenty-first century. In K. Warner Schaie & S. L. Willis (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (8th edition) (pp. 41-62).  Oxford: Elsevier.  doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-411469-2.00003-0


Albert, S. M., Bix, L., Bridgeman, M. M., Carstensen, L. L., Dyer-Chamberlain, M., Neafsey, P. J., & Wolf, M. S. (2014). Promoting safe and effective use of OTC medications: CHPA-GSA National SummitThe Gerontologist, 54(6) 909-918. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnu034.

Carstensen, L. L. (2014). How we'll be fit and happy at 100In The Technology of Us. Retrieved from

Carstensen, L. L. (2014). Our aging population - It may just save us all. In P. Irving (Ed.), The Upside of Aging: How Long Life is Changing the World of Health, Work, Innovation, Policy, and Puropse (pp. 3-18). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.  doi: 10.1002/9781118691823.ch1

Carstensen, L. L., & Rowe, J. W. (2014, June 20). Aging isn't the challenge; building an equitable society is.  Boston Globe. Retrieved from

English, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2014). Will Enterventions Targeting Conscientiousness Improve Aging Outcomes? Developmental Psychology, 50(5), 1478-1481. doi: 10.1037/a0036073 PMCID: PMC4037915

English, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2014). Emotional Experience in the Mornings and the Evenings: Consideration of Age Differences in Specific Emotions by Time of DayFrontiers in Psychology, 5(185), 1-9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00185 PMCID: PMC3944144

English, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2014). Selective Narrowing of Social Networks Across Adulthood is Associated with Improved Emotional Experience in Daily LifeInternational Journal of Behavioral Development, 38(2), 195-202. doi: 10.1177/0165025413515404 PMCID: PMC4045107

Notthoff, N., & Carstensen, L. L. (2014). Positive Messaging Promotes Walking in Older AdultsPsychology and Aging, 29(2), 329-341. doi: 10.1037/a0036748 PMCID: PMC4069032

Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Robertson, E. R., Mikels, J. A., Carstensen, L. L., & Gotlib, I. H. (2014). Selective Attention to Emotion in the Aging BrainMotivation Science, 1(S), 49-63. doi: 10.1037/2333-8113.1.S.49 (Reprinted from Psychology & Aging, 2009, PMCID: PMC2791508)

Scheibe, S., Notthoff, N., Menkin, J., Ross, L., Shadel, D., Deevy, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2014). Forewarning Reduces Fraud Susceptibility in Vulnerable ConsumersBasic and Applied Social Psychology, 36, 272-279. doi: 10.1080/01973533.2014.903844 PMCID: PMC4199235

Sims, T. L. & Carstensen, L. L. (2014). The Elusiveness of a Life-span Model of Emotion RegulationInternational Journal of Behavioral Development [ISSBD Special Section], 38(3), 30-32. PMCID: PMC4295650


Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2013). Emotion regulation and aging. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation (2nd Ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Hershfield, H. E., Scheibe, S., Sims, T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2013). When Feeling Bad Can Be Good: Mixed Emotions Benefit Physical Health Across AdulthoodSocial Psychological and Personality Science, 4(1), 54-61. doi: 10.1177/1948550612444616 PMCID: PMC3768126

Hogan, C. L., Mata, J., & Carstensen, L. L. (2013). Exercise Holds Immediate Benefits for Affect and Cognition in Older and Younger Adults. Psychology and Aging, 28, 587-594. doi: 10.1037/a0032634 PMCID: PMC3768113

Scheibe, S., English, T., Tsai, J. L., & Carstensen, L. L. (2013). Striving to Feel Good: Ideal Affect, Actual Affect, and their Correspondence Across AdulthoodPsychology and Aging, 28, 160-171. doi: 10.1037/a0030561 PMCID: PMC3756228


Biggs, S., Carstensen, L. L., & Hogan, P. (2012). Social capital, lifelong learning and social innovation. In Work Economic Forum (Ed.), Global population ageing: Peril or promise? (39-41).

Carstensen, L. L., & Fried, L. P. (2012). The meaning of old age. In Work Economic Forum (Ed.), Global population ageing: Peril or promise?(15-17).

Olshansky, J. S., Antonucci, T., Berkman, L., Binstock, R. H., Boersch-Supan, A., Cacioppo, J. T., Cames, B. A., Carstensen, L. L., Fried, L. P., Goldman, D. P., Jackson, J., Kohil, M., Rother, J., Zheng, Y., & Rowe, J. (2012). Differences In Life Expectancy Due to Race and Educational Differences Are Widening, and Many May Not Catch UpHealth Affairs, 31(8), 1-12. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2011.0746 [PMID: 22869659]

Reed, A. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2012). The Theory Behind the Age-Related Positivity EffectFrontiers in Emotion Science, 3, 1-9. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00339 [PMID: 23060825] [PMCID: PMC3459016]


Carstensen, L. L. (2011). A long bright future: Happiness, health and financial security in an age of increased longevity. Public Affairs: New York, New York

Carstensen, L. L., Turan, B., Scheibe, S., Ram, N., Ersner-Hershfield, H., Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Brooks, K. P., & Nesselroade, J. R. (2011). Emotional Experience Improves with Age: Evidence Based on Over 10 Years of Experience SamplingPsychology and Aging, 26, 21-33. doi: 10.1037/a0021285 [PMID: 20973600] [PMCID: PMC3332527]

Hershfield, H., Goldstein, D. G., Sharpe, A. F., Fox, J., Yeykelis, L., Carstensen, L. L., & Bailenson, J. N. (2011). Increasing Saving Behavior Through Age-progressed Renderings of the Future SelfJournal of Marketing Research, 40, s23-s37. doi: 10.1509/jmkr.48.SPL.S23

Samanez-Larkin, G. R., & Carstensen, L. L. (2011). Socioemotional functioning and the aging brain. In J. Decety & J. T. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Handbook of Social Neuroscience (pp. 507-521). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Mata, R., Radu, P. T., Ballard, I. C., Carstensen, L. L., & McClure, S. M. (2011). Age Differences in Striatal Delay Sensitivity During Intertemporal Choice in Healthy AdultsFrontiers in Neuroscience, 5, 126. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2011.00126 [PMID: 22110424] [PMCID: PMC3217179]

Scheibe, S., Mata, R., & Carstensen, L. L. (2011). Age Differences in Affective Forecasting and Experienced Emotion Surrounding the 2008 U.S. Presidential ElectionCognition and Emotion, 25, 1029-1044. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2010.545543 [PMID: 21547760] [PMCID: PMC3417819]

Turan, B., Goldstein, M., Garber, A., & Carstensen, L. L. (2011). Knowing Loved Ones' End-of-life Health Care Wishes: Attachment Security Predicts Caregivers' AccuracyHealth Psychology, 30, 814-818. doi: 10.1037/a0025664 [PMID: 22081941] [PMCID: PMC3228368]


Macarthur Foundation Research Network on an Aging Society. (2010, Winter). Policies and politics for an aging AmericaContexts, 9(1). Retrieved from

Mikels, J., Löckenhoff, C., Maglio, S., Goldstein, M., Garber, A., & Carstensen, L. L. (2010). Following your heart or your head: Focusing on emotions versus information differentially influences the decisions of younger and older adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16, 87-95. doi: 10.1037/a0018500 [PMID: 20350046]

Scheibe, S., & Carstensen, L. L. (2010). Emotional aging: Recent findings and future trendsJournal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences,65, 135-144. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbp132 [PMID: 20054013] [PMCID: PMC2821944]

Schober, M. F., & Carstensen, L. L. (2010). Does being together for years help comprehension? In E. Morsella (Ed.), Expressing oneself/Expressing one's self: Communication, cognition, language, and identity. London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Sullivan, S., Mikels, J. A., & Carstensen, L. L. (2010). You never lose the ages you’ve been: Affective perspective taking in older adultsPsychology and Aging, 25, 229-234. doi: 10.1037/a0018383 [PMID: 20230142] [PMCID: PMC2841318]


Carstensen, L. L. (2009). A long bright future. New York, NY: Random House.

Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2009). Social and emotional agingAnnual Review of Psychology, 61, 383-409. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.093008. 100448 [PMID: 19575618]

Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2009). Socioemotional selectivity theory. In H. Reis, & S. Sprecher (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Human Relationships (pp. 1578-1581). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Kwon, Y., Scheibe, S., Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Tsai, J. L., & Carstensen, L. L. (2009). Replicating the positivity effect in picture memory in Koreans: Evidence for cross-cultural generalizabilityPsychology and Aging, 24, 748–754. doi: 10.1037/a0016054 [PMID: 19739932] [PMCID: PMC2775417]

Macarthur Foundation Research Network on an Aging Society. (2009, Fall). Facts and fictions about an aging AmericaContexts, 8(4), 16–21.

Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Robertson, E. R., Mikels, J. A., Carstensen, L. L., & Gotlib, I. H. (2009). Selective attention to emotion in the aging brain. Psychology and Aging, 24, 519–529. doi: 10.1037/a0016952 [PMID: 19739908] [PMCID: PMC2791508]


Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2008). Unpleasant situations elicit different emotional responses in younger and older adults.  Psychology and Aging, 23, 495-504. doi:10.1037/a0013284 [PMID: 18808240] [PMCID: PMC2677442]

Ersner-Hershfield, H., Mikels, J. A., Sullivan, S., & Carstensen, L. L. (2008). Poignancy: Mixed emotional experience in the face of meaningful endingsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 158-167. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.1.158 [PMID: 18179325] [PMCID: PMC2807633]

Lindberg, C., Carstensen, E. L., & Carstensen, L. L. (2008). Lifelong learning and technologyPrepared for the National Research Council's Committee on Learning Science in Informal Environments. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Löckenhoff, C. E., & Carstensen, L.L. (2008). Decision strategies in healthcare choices for self and others: Older adults make adjustments for the age of the decision target, younger adults do notJournal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 63, 106-109. [PMID: 18441264] [PMCID: PMC2792939]

Nielsen, L., Knutson, B., & Carstensen, L. L. (2008). Affect dynamics, affective forecasting, and aging. Emotion, 8, 318-330. doi:10.1037/1528-3542.8.3.318 [PMID: 18540748][PMCID: PMC2652507]

Ram, N., Morelli, S., Lindberg, C., & Carstensen, L. L. (2008). From static to dynamic: The ongoing dialectic about human development. In K. W. Schaie & R. P. Abeles (Eds.), Social structures and aging individuals: Continuing challenge (pp. 115-130). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Hollon, N. G., Carstensen, L. L., & Knutson, B. (2008). Individual differences in insular sensitivity during loss anticipation predict avoidance learningPsychological Science, 19, 320-323. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02087 [PMID: 18399882]


Carstensen, L. L. (2007). Growing old or living long: Take your pick. Issues in Science and Technology, Winter 2007, 41-50. 

Charles, S.T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2007). Emotion regulation and aging. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation (pp. 307-327). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Lindberg, C., & Carstensen, L. L. (2007). Emotions and emotional stability. In W. S. Markides (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health and Aging (pp. 190-192). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Löckenhoff, C. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2007). Aging, emotion, and health-related decision strategies: Motivational manipulations can reduce age differencesPsychology and Aging, 22, 134-146. doi:10.1037/0882-7974.22.1.134 [PMID: 17385990]

Samanez-Larkin, G. R., Gibbs, S. E. B., Khanna, K., Nielsen, L., Carstensen, L. L., & Knutson, B. (2007). Anticipation of monetary gain but not loss in healthy older adults [Supplementary materials]. Nature Neuroscience, 10, 787–791. doi:10.1038/nn1894 [PMID: 17468751] [PMCID: PMC2268869] 


Carstensen, L.L. (2006). The influence of a sense of time on human development. Science, 312, 1913-1915. doi:10.1126/science.1127488 [PMID: 16809530] [PMCID: PMC2790864] 

Carstensen, L. L., & Hartel, C. R. (Eds.). (2006). When I'm 64. Committee on Aging Frontiers in Social Psychology, Personality, and Adult Developmental Psychology. Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Research Council/The National Academies Press.

Carstensen, L. L., Mikels, J. A., & Mather, M. (2006). Aging and the intersection of cognition, motivation and emotion. In J. Birren, & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (6th ed., pp.343-362). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 

Fung, H. H., & Carstensen, L. L. (2006). Goals change when life's fragility is primed: Lessons learned from older adults, the September 11th attacks and SARSSocial Cognition, 24, 248-278. doi:10.1521/soco.2006.24.3.248

Schaie, K. W., & Carstensen, L. L. (Eds.). (2006). Social structures, aging and self-regulation in the elderly. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.


Carstensen, L. L., & Mikels, J. A. (2005). At the intersection of emotion and cognition: Aging and the positivity effectCurrent Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 117-121. doi:10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00348.x 

Ersner-Hershfield, H., Rice, C., Lindberg, C., & Carstensen, L. L. (2005). The good, the bad and the poignantAging Today, 26, 7-8. 

Fung, H. H., Rice, C., & Carstensen, L. L. (2005). Reactive and proactive motivational changes across adulthood. In W. Greve, K. Rothermund, & D. Wentura (Eds.), The adaptive self: Personal Continuity and Intentional Self-Development (pp.171-183). New York, NY: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.

Mather, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2005). Aging and motivated cognition: The positivity effect in attention and memoryTrends in Cognitive Science, 9, 496-502. [PMID: 16154382] 

Mikels, J. A., Larkin, G. R., Reuter-Lorenz, P. A., & Carstensen, L. L. (2005). Divergent trajectories in the aging mind: Changes in working memory for affective versus visual information with agePsychology & Aging, 20,542-553. doi:10.1037/0882-7974.20.4.542 [PMID: 16420130]


Fung, H., & Carstensen, L. L. (2004). Motivational changes in response to blocked goals and foreshortened time: Testing alternatives to socioemotional selectivity theoryPsychology and Aging, 19, 68-78. doi:10.1037/0882-7974.19.1.68 [PMID: 15065932]

Kennedy, Q., Mather, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2004). The role of motivation in the age-related positive bias in autobiographical memoryPsychological Science, 15, 208-214. doi:10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.01503011.x [PMID: 15016294]

Löckenhoff, C. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2004). Socioemotional selectivity theory, aging, and health: The increasingly delicate balance between regulating emotions and making tough choicesJournal of Personality, 72, 1395-1424. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00301.x [PMID: 15509287]

Mather, M., Canli, T., English, T., Whitfield, S., Wais, P., Ochsner, K., Gabrieli, J. D. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2004). Amygdala responses to emotionally valenced stimuli in older and younger adultsPsychological Science, 15, 259-263. doi:10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00662.x [PMID: 15043644]

Charles, S.T., & Carstensen, L.L. (2004). A life-span view of emotional functioning in adulthood and old age. In P. Costa (Ed.), Advances in cell aging and gerontology series: Recent advances in psychology and aging (Vol. 15, pp. 133-162). Amsterdam: Elsevier. doi:10.1016/S1566-3124(03)15003-1


Carstensen, L. L., Fung, H., & Charles, S. (2003) Socioemotional selectivity theory and the regulation of emotion in the second half of lifeMotivation and Emotion, 27, 103-123. doi:10.1023/A:1024569803230

Carstensen, L. L., Charles, S. T., Isaacowitz, D., & Kennedy, Q. (2003). Emotion and life-span personality development. In R. J. Davidson, K. Scherer, & H. H. Goldsmith (Eds.), Handbook of affective sciences (pp. 726-746). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Carstensen, L. L., & Löckenhoff, C. E. (2003). Aging, emotion, and evolution: The bigger picture. In P. Ekman, J. J. Campos, R. J. Davidson, & F. B. M. de Waal (Eds.), Emotions inside out: 130 years after Darwin's The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (Vol. 1000, pp. 152-179). New York, NY: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Charles, S., Mather, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2003). Aging and emotional memory: The forgettable nature of negative images for older adultsJournal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132, 310-324. doi:10.1037/0096-3445.132.2.310 [PMID: 12825643]

Fung, H., & Carstensen, L. L. (2003). Sending memorable messages to the old: Age differences in preferences and memory for advertisementsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 163-178. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.1.163 [PMID: 12872892]

Isaacowitz, D., Smith, T. B., & Carstensen, L. L. (2003). Socioemotional selectivity and mental health among trauma survivors in old ageAgeing International, 28, 181-199.

Löckenhoff, C. E., & Carstensen, L. L. (2003). Is the life-span theory of control a theory of development or a theory of coping? In S. Zarit, L. Pearlin, & K. W. Schaie (Eds.), Personal control in social and life span contexts (pp. 263-280). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

Mather, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2003). Aging and attentional biases for emotional faces. Psychological Science, 14, 409-415. doi:10.1111/1467-9280.01455 [PMID: 12930469]

Pasupathi, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2003). Age and emotional experience during mutual reminiscing. Psychology and Aging, 18, 430-442. doi:10.1037/0882-7974.18.3.430 [PMID: 14518806]


Carstensen, L. L., & Charles, S. T. (2002). Human Aging: Why is even good news taken as bad? In L. Aspinwall & U. Staudinger (Eds.), A psychology of human strengths: Perspectives on an emerging field (pp.75-86). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (2002). Marriage in old age. (pp. 236-254). In M. Yalom, & L. L. Carstensen (Eds.), Inside the American couple: New thinking, new challenges (pp. 236-254). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. (Reprinted in U.S.-Japan Women's Journal, (2000). 27, 3-18.)

Fisher, J. E., Zeiss, A. M., & Carstensen, L. L. (2002). Psychopathology in the aged. In P. B. Sutker & H. E. Adams (Eds.), Comprehenseive Handbook of Psychopathology (3rd Ed., pp. 921-951). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Fung, H. H., & Carstensen, L. L. (2002, March-April). The knowledge of our years: Time so limited, life so preciousAging Today, 23(2), 9, 11.

Lang, F. R., & Carstensen, L. L. (2002). Time counts: Future time perspective, goals and social relationshipsPsychology and Aging, 17, 125-139. doi:10.1037//0882-7974.17.1.125 [PMID: 11931281]

Pasupathi, M., Henry, R., & Carstensen, L. L. (2002). Age and ethnicity differences in storytelling to young children: Emotionality, relationality and socialization. Psychology and Aging, 17, 610-621. doi:10.1037//0882-7974.17.4.610 [PMID: 12507358]

Rice, C. J., Löckenhoff, C.E., & Carstensen, L.L. (2002). En busca de independencia y productividad: cómo influyen las culturas occidentales en las explicaciones individuales y científicas del envejecimiento. [Chasing independence and productivity: How Western culture influences individual and scientific accounts of aging]. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 34, 133-154.

Yalom, M., & Carstensen, L. L. (Eds.). (2002) Inside the American Couple: New thinking, new challenges. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.


Carstensen, L. L. (2001). Personality development in adulthood. In N. J. Smelzer, & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp.11290-11295). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Ltd. doi:10.1016/B0-08-043076-7/01763-0 

Carstensen, L. L. (2001). Emotion and aging. In G. Maddox (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Aging (3rd ed., pp. 327-329). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.

Carstensen, L. L. (2001). Margret M. Baltes: Dependency and success in agingContemporary Gerontology, 8, 42-45. 

Charles, S. T., Carstensen, L. L., & McFall, R. M. (2001). Problem-solving in the nursing home environment: Age and experience differences in emotional reactions and responses. Journal of Clinical Geropsychology, 7, 319-330. doi:10.1023/A:1011352326374

Fung, H. H., Carstensen, L. L., & Lang, F. (2001). Age-related patterns in social networks among European-Americans and African-Americans: Implications for socioemotional selectivity across the life spanInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development,52, 185-206. [PMID: 11407486]

Kennedy, Q., Fung, H., & Carstensen, L. L. (2001). Aging, time estimation and emotion: An multidisciplinary exploration. In S. H. McFadden, & R. C. Atchley (Eds.), Aging and the meaning of time (pp. 51-74). New York, NY: Springer.


Carstensen, L. L. (2000). Keeping aging minds sharp. The Scientist, 14(22), 6.  

Carstensen, L. L. (2000). Social gerontological theories. In A. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology (Vol. 7, pp. 340-341). Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Carstensen, L. L., Graff, J., & Lang, F. (2000). Psychology’s contributions to gerontology. In J. E. Clair (Ed.), The Gerontological Prism: Developing Interdisciplinary Bridges (pp. 29-48). Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing.

Carstensen, L. L., Charles, S., & Isaacowitz, D. (2000). Applying science to human behavior . American Psychologist, 55, 343. doi: 10.1037//0003-066X.55.3.343a [PMID: 10743257]

Carstensen, L. L., Pasupathi, M., Mayr, U., & Nesselroade, J. (2000). Emotional experience in everyday life across the adult life spanJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 644-655. doi: I O.1037//O022-3 514.79.4.64 [PMID: 11045744]

Isaacowitz, D., Charles, S., & Carstensen, L. L. (2000). Emotion and cognition. In G. Craik, & T. Salthouse (Eds.) Handbook of aging and cognition (2nd ed., pp. 593-631). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers.

Stern, P., & Carstensen, L. L. (Eds.). (2000). The aging mind: Opportunities in cognitive research. Washington, DC: The National Academy Press.

Tsai, J. L., Levenson, R. W., & Carstensen, L. L. (2000). Autonomic, expressive and subjective responses to emotional films in younger and older adults of European American and Chinese descentPsychology and Aging, 15, 684-693. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.15.4.684 [PMID: 11144327]


Baltes, M. M., & Carstensen, L. L. (1999). Social-psychological theories and their applications to aging: From individual to collective. In V. Bengtson, & K. W. Schaie (Eds.) Handbook of theories of aging (pp. 209-226). New York, NY: Springer.

Carstensen, L. L., Isaacowitz, D., & Charles, S. T. (1999). Taking time seriously: A theory of socioemotional selectivityAmerican Psychologist, 54, 165-181. [PMID: 10199217]

Charles, S. T., & Carstensen, L. L. (1999). The role of time in the setting of social goals across the life span. In F. Blanchard-Fields & T. Hess (Eds.), Social cognition and aging (pp. 319-342). New York, NY: Academic Press.

Fung, H. H., Carstensen, L. L., & Lutz, A. (1999). The influence of time on social preferences: Implications for life-span developmentPsychology and Aging, 14, 595-604. [PMID: 10632147]

Fung, H. H., Abeles, R. P., & Carstensen, L. L. (1999). Psychological control in later life: Implications for life-span development. M. Lerner & J. Brandtstädter (Eds.), Action and development: Origins and functions of intentional self development (pp. 345-372). Hillsdale, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L. L., Levenson, R. W., & Gottman, J. M. (1999). Responsive listening in long-married couples: A psycholinguistic perspective. Journal of Non-Verbal Behavior, 23, 173-193.

1998 and earlier

Carstensen, L. L. (1998). A life-span approach to social motivation. In J. Heckhausen & C. Dweck (Eds.) Motivation and self-regulation across the life span (pp. 341-364). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Carstensen, L. L., & Charles, S. T. (1998). Emotion in the second half of lifeCurrent Directions in Psychological Science, 7(5), 144-149. (Reprinted in Annual Editions: Human Development, 2000/2001, Sluice Dock: CT: Dushkin/McGraw Hill, 213-217; Reprinted in Current Directions Readers, 2004).

Carstensen, L. L., & Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). The influence of HIV status and age on cognitive representations of othersHealth Psychology, 17, 1-10. [PMID: 9848799] [PMCID: 3156032]

Lang, F., Staudinger, U., & Carstensen, L. L. (1998). Perspectives on socioemotional selectivity in late life: How personality and social context do (and do not) make a differenceJournal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 53, 21-30. [PMID: 9469168]

Gross, J., Carstensen, L. L., Pasupathi, M. Tsai, J., Götestam Skorpen, C., & Hsu, A. (1997). Emotion and aging: Experience, expression and controlPsychology and Aging, 12, 590-599. [PMID: 9416628]

Carstensen, L. L., Edelstein, B. A., & Dornbrand, L. (Eds.) (1996) Practical Handbook of Clinical Gerontology. Sage Publications.

Carstensen, L. L., Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (1995). Emotional behavior in long-term marriagePsychology and Aging, 10, 140-149. [PMID: 7779311]

Levenson, R., Carstensen, L., & Gottman, J. (1994) The influence of age and gender on affect, physiology and their interrelations: A study of long-term marriagesJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 56-68. [PMID: 8046584]

Carstensen, L. L., & Turk-Charles, S. (1994). The salience of emotion across the adult life span. Psychology and Aging, 9, 259-264. [PMID: 8054174]

Lang, F. R., & Carstensen, L. L. (1994). Close emotional relationships in late life: Further support for proactive aging in the social domainPsychology and Aging, 9, 315-324. [PMID: 8054179]

Levenson, R. W., Carstensen, L. L., & Gottman, J.M. (1993). Long-term marriage: Age, gender and satisfactionPsychology and Aging, 8, 301-313. [PMID: 8323733]

Carstensen, L. L. (1992). Social and emotional patterns in adulthood: Support for socioemotional selectivity theoryPsychology and Aging, 7, 331-338. [PMID: 1388852]

Levenson, R. W., Carstensen, L. L., Friesen, W. V., & Ekman, P. (1991). Emotion, physiology and expression in old old agePsychology and Aging, 6, 28-35. [PMID: 2029364]

Meeks, S., Carstensen, L. L., Stafford, P., Brenner, L. L., Weathers, F., Welch, R., & Oltmanns, T. F. (1990). Mental health needs of the chronically mentally ill elderly. Psychology and Aging, 5, 163-171. [PMID: 2378681]

Fredrickson, B. L., & Carstensen, L. L. (1990). Choosing social partners: How old age and anticipated endings make us more selectivePsychology and Aging, 5, 335-347. (Reprinted in Essential papers on the psychology of aging. 1998, pp. 511-538.) [PMID: 2242238]